Hindi Reading Fluency

At The Community Library Project, we’ve informally observed that even though most library members have learned how to decode words in Hindi (and sometimes in English), they seem to read slowly and / or read books that are well below their grade level.

In the spring of 2016, we ran a random screening of reading fluency at The Community Library Project - Sheikh Sarai. The results confirmed what we suspected: most of our members can read, but very few can read as fluently as they should. Our experience and on-site research has broader implications: it suggests that while many Delhi schools teach students to be functional readers, most students cannot read fluently enough for them to be able to engage with text in a meaningful way.

Why It Matters

Though most reading is done silently, oral reading fluency is an important measure of overall reading proficiency. It has been well established that those who are able to read text with appropriate rate and expression are not only able to read more material faster, but also tend to understand what they read better. There are many possible reasons for this relationship, but an important one is that readers who don’t read automatically must use much of their mental energy decoding words; as a result, they tend to have less energy left over for thinking about the meaning of the text they are reading.

We Know What to Do — And it’s Not Difficult!

The good news is that for most readers, research suggests that there is an easy solution to this problem: they need to read more. To test this, in the summers of 2016, 2017, and 2018, we ran intensive 3-week Hindi Reading Fluency Programs. In all three summer programs, we saw significant gains. It truly is the low-hanging fruit of reading instruction for Delhi schools: easy to implement for teachers, research-proven, and all it requires is time, books and commitment.

Reading Fluency 2020-21

In the year 2020-21 due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the Reading Fluency program had to navigate a sudden transition to online classes. Different interventions were required including a blend of online classes and reading practice through physical books. There were several challenges and learnings from the program this year. Here is the report.

Reading Fluency 2019-20

After the 3 successful pilot programs, we received a grant from Penguin India in the 2019-20 school year, to run this program year round in two of our libraries. The program was designed to provide an intensive six-week intervention where students could practice reading from books of their choice with guidance from a reading specialist. A total of 300 students graduated this year, and about 20 practitioners trained with us on running similar programs in their classrooms. Going forward, we are going to renew the Hindi reading fluency program for a second year at all 4 branches of our library, local schools and other organizations. We are also going to pilot a similar program for English Reading Fluency.

You can find the detailed Reading Fluency 2019 - 20 report here.

Previous years' reports and summaries

For those who are interested, we’re happy to meet and share what we know. Here are some places to start:

Learn to Read Program

In addition to the Hindi Reading Fluency program, we implemented a ‘Learn to Read’ program to provide assistance to struggling students, through direct instruction on decoding. The program was designed to allow a more focused learning at the students’ appropriate reading level, and is intended as a complementary program to the daily reading practice as part of the reading fluency program. This year about 40 students learnt how to read as part of the ‘Learn to Read’ program.

The Community Library Project
Dharam Bhavan, C-13 Housing Society
South Extension Part -1
New Delhi - 110049
Donations to The Community Library Project are exempt from tax under section 80G of the Income Tax Act. Tax exemption is only valid in India.
Illustrations provided by Priya Kuriyan.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram